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A Word on Security

When you make a script, you take the security of everyone around you into your hands. To protect you, your reputation, and the gameplay of those using your worlds, avatars, and props, we ask that you follow the following guidelines.

Rule 0. Never Trust The Client

This is the most important lesson you must learn.

Warning

CVR's client application has been designed to be as secure as possible, but any sufficiently-motivated knowledgable attacker can modify The Client to perform malicious acts. This means that people who want to do bad things with the CVR client can get into things. Our network has been designed with this in mind, so attacks usually fail.

However, because of this, always assume people can see or modify client-side scripts. NEVER TRUST THE CLIENT.

Here's a frequent use-case: An access keypad.

A picture of a keypad we found on Google

The Wrong Way

The easiest way to handle this would be to just throw the key into the script as a constant.

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KEYCODE = '1234'
-- Start up and blank out the keypad.
function Start()
    boundObjects["Text"].text = ""
end

-- Receive key press from individual keys
function Receive(key)
    local t = boundObjects["Text"]
    -- The clear key
    if key == "C" then
        t.text = ""
        boundObjects["DoorHandle"].enable=false
        return
    end
    -- If enter key and the text is our keycode
    if key == "E" and t.text == KEYCODE then
        -- Open door
        boundObjects["DoorHandle"].enable=true
        t.text = ""
        return
    end
    t.text = t.text .. key
end

Unfortunately, anyone with Unity Explorer can pop open the script and see the KEYCODE variable.

Slightly Less Wrong Way

Another way of handling this would be to obfuscate things. Below is the same KEYCODE, but obfuscated.

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KEYCODE = ((0x61e3d0d5/0x5192d6b+2.7755575615629e-17)+(0x1f694311/0x1955b30+-1.1102230246252e-16)+(0x16c0824/0x10b4595)+(0x6a60bf/0x6ff17e+6.6613381477509e-16)+(0x380f46a/0x21b7965+1.1102230246252e-16)+(0x1c50fa7c/0x2d1fded+-9.7144514654701e-17)+(0x114e7e9c/0xbc7a13+4.4408920985006e-16)+(0x1927996/0x1dc8a73+1.1102230246252e-16)+(0x10e9a2c9/0x1b385ba+-5.5511151231258e-16)+(0x11c04e45/0x1bbe5a6+4.1633363423443e-16)+(0x6d89129/0x188efea+5.5511151231258e-16)+(0x289c9e08/0x2b2ac3d+-1.5959455978987e-16)+(0x21401c1/0x56850a+2.7755575615629e-16)+(0x1c7febb5/0x1681ab4+-2.2204460492503e-16)+(0xfed92e/0x17e6bb+-8.8817841970013e-16)+(0x2d1a1d7b/0x2e0f894+2.2204460492503e-16)+(0x7fa3687/0x1667514+-3.3306690738755e-16)+(0x75867d1/0xc44d2d+8.8817841970013e-16)+(0x1d394686/0x1343e31+2.2204460492503e-16)+(0x2d16a30f/0x1402dbfa)+(0xe99a123d/0x8c36f46)+(0x2afc565b/0x30ef60e)+(0x220ec4eb/0x12bba2b+9.1593399531575e-16)+(0x1441e017/0x1611f09+-6.6613381477509e-16)+(0x368d4fcb/0x1fe2618+4.9960036108132e-16)+(0x4d666d3/0x1ea4914+-1.1102230246252e-16)+(0x27717f27/0x1938233+-2.0816681711722e-17)+(0x69f2384/0x3df46cd+1.1102230246252e-16)+(0x1719ad60/0x1e8c151+5.5511151231258e-17)+(0xa420faa/0x17697d7+-7.3378803033819e-16)+(0x38144896/0x289aca1+-1.6653345369377e-16)+(0x54b99a08/0x2d6ee39+2.2204460492503e-16)+(0xfe1b5af/0x351391f)+(0x42849bd6/0x2499517+1.8041124150159e-16)+(0x239166b6/0x209c123+-2.2204460492503e-16)+(0xdd31a45/0x135f00e+2.2204460492503e-16)+(0x2306c475/0x1d6050a+9.7144514654701e-17)+(0x30f26a23/0x260c4f0+-1.1102230246252e-16)+(0x134fad1d/0x2c28044+-2.2204460492503e-16)+(0x27088b5b/0x32d2eb1+-5.5511151231258e-17)+(0xf690566/0xf2128d+-7.7715611723761e-16)+(0x6e85671/0x1fc82d5+-3.3306690738755e-16)+(0xe8b82bd/0xd9c032+-3.7470027081099e-16)+(0x7166f56/0x23c6253+-3.6082248300318e-16)+(0x140b07c/0xadfc3f+4.4408920985006e-16)+(0x174c18ef/0x16d1670+-4.9960036108132e-16)+(0x1a735971/0x1010ea5+-4.9960036108132e-16)+(0x2185f975/0x410c927+-5.5511151231258e-17)+(0x29a2e94b/0x3f3a200+1.1102230246252e-16)+(0x10d3c919/0x1bf439c+1.1102230246252e-16)+(0x36d21f18/0x214764f+-3.885780586188e-16)+(0x1e1dda01/0x28e4fb5+-2.2204460492503e-16)+(0x4ae8b675/0x2870ffa)+(0x405a5c1f/0x2306cdc+2.2204460492503e-16)+(0x30113425/0x2b36963+-1.1102230246252e-16)+(0xc612a9c/0x12ae5ab+-3.3306690738755e-16)+(0x5cf98f0e/0x347d769)+(0xd34634f/0x1ae1810)+(0x107b30d9/0x26e34e4+-1.1102230246252e-16)+(0x6fcd17f/0x56114bc)+(0x7421fd/0x37e45a+2.7755575615629e-16)+(0x24d4eecd/0x1613c19+6.6613381477509e-16)+(0x1590688db/0xef01f8d+-1.3877787807814e-17)+(0x31df1eed/0x38037c2+1.1102230246252e-16)+(0x157f4475/0x1361d92)+(0x2d55216f/0x188e0e3+-4.4408920985006e-16)+(0x27d375f/0x25be78+7.7715611723761e-16)+(0xfa0be57/0x20110b0)+(0x3167bae1/0x1a86799+-6.6613381477509e-16)+(0xe8d9af6/0x1163ef3+9.9920072216264e-16)+(0x33154a21/0x1d96467+1.1102230246252e-16)+(0x1a6ac055/0x1267c0d+-2.2204460492503e-16)+(0x87e8fa6/0xffc3c3+8.8817841970013e-16)+(0xd17adfd/0x18504da)+(0x178b441/0x1093672+-6.6613381477509e-16)+(0x23de7ef3/0x1f3076b+-3.885780586188e-16)+(0x4b5f719/0x1888c60+-6.1062266354384e-16)+(0x53e346b7/0x2e0e9a3+1.6653345369377e-16)+(0x1de65674/0x1684261)+(0x6942ea7/0xbed5a3+9.9920072216264e-16)+(0x1983b3/0xeb81da+-6.8001160258291e-16)+(0x506682e/0x11d2923+-1.1102230246252e-16)+(0x1c385a29/0x159e7de+4.4408920985006e-16)+(0xc0bf85df/0xdf9d406+1.1102230246252e-16)+(0x147818ee/0x1372519+2.2204460492503e-16)+(0x391e6a/0x1f3cd1b+-4.1633363423443e-16)+(0x391c096/0x31cdf3+8.8817841970013e-16))

This probably looks very secure, but remember: clients can also modify scripts:

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KEYCODE = ((0x61e3d0d5/0x5192d6b+2.7755575615629e-17)+(0x1f694311/0x1955b30+-1.1102230246252e-16)+(0x16c0824/0x10b4595)+(0x6a60bf/0x6ff17e+6.6613381477509e-16)+(0x380f46a/0x21b7965+1.1102230246252e-16)+(0x1c50fa7c/0x2d1fded+-9.7144514654701e-17)+(0x114e7e9c/0xbc7a13+4.4408920985006e-16)+(0x1927996/0x1dc8a73+1.1102230246252e-16)+(0x10e9a2c9/0x1b385ba+-5.5511151231258e-16)+(0x11c04e45/0x1bbe5a6+4.1633363423443e-16)+(0x6d89129/0x188efea+5.5511151231258e-16)+(0x289c9e08/0x2b2ac3d+-1.5959455978987e-16)+(0x21401c1/0x56850a+2.7755575615629e-16)+(0x1c7febb5/0x1681ab4+-2.2204460492503e-16)+(0xfed92e/0x17e6bb+-8.8817841970013e-16)+(0x2d1a1d7b/0x2e0f894+2.2204460492503e-16)+(0x7fa3687/0x1667514+-3.3306690738755e-16)+(0x75867d1/0xc44d2d+8.8817841970013e-16)+(0x1d394686/0x1343e31+2.2204460492503e-16)+(0x2d16a30f/0x1402dbfa)+(0xe99a123d/0x8c36f46)+(0x2afc565b/0x30ef60e)+(0x220ec4eb/0x12bba2b+9.1593399531575e-16)+(0x1441e017/0x1611f09+-6.6613381477509e-16)+(0x368d4fcb/0x1fe2618+4.9960036108132e-16)+(0x4d666d3/0x1ea4914+-1.1102230246252e-16)+(0x27717f27/0x1938233+-2.0816681711722e-17)+(0x69f2384/0x3df46cd+1.1102230246252e-16)+(0x1719ad60/0x1e8c151+5.5511151231258e-17)+(0xa420faa/0x17697d7+-7.3378803033819e-16)+(0x38144896/0x289aca1+-1.6653345369377e-16)+(0x54b99a08/0x2d6ee39+2.2204460492503e-16)+(0xfe1b5af/0x351391f)+(0x42849bd6/0x2499517+1.8041124150159e-16)+(0x239166b6/0x209c123+-2.2204460492503e-16)+(0xdd31a45/0x135f00e+2.2204460492503e-16)+(0x2306c475/0x1d6050a+9.7144514654701e-17)+(0x30f26a23/0x260c4f0+-1.1102230246252e-16)+(0x134fad1d/0x2c28044+-2.2204460492503e-16)+(0x27088b5b/0x32d2eb1+-5.5511151231258e-17)+(0xf690566/0xf2128d+-7.7715611723761e-16)+(0x6e85671/0x1fc82d5+-3.3306690738755e-16)+(0xe8b82bd/0xd9c032+-3.7470027081099e-16)+(0x7166f56/0x23c6253+-3.6082248300318e-16)+(0x140b07c/0xadfc3f+4.4408920985006e-16)+(0x174c18ef/0x16d1670+-4.9960036108132e-16)+(0x1a735971/0x1010ea5+-4.9960036108132e-16)+(0x2185f975/0x410c927+-5.5511151231258e-17)+(0x29a2e94b/0x3f3a200+1.1102230246252e-16)+(0x10d3c919/0x1bf439c+1.1102230246252e-16)+(0x36d21f18/0x214764f+-3.885780586188e-16)+(0x1e1dda01/0x28e4fb5+-2.2204460492503e-16)+(0x4ae8b675/0x2870ffa)+(0x405a5c1f/0x2306cdc+2.2204460492503e-16)+(0x30113425/0x2b36963+-1.1102230246252e-16)+(0xc612a9c/0x12ae5ab+-3.3306690738755e-16)+(0x5cf98f0e/0x347d769)+(0xd34634f/0x1ae1810)+(0x107b30d9/0x26e34e4+-1.1102230246252e-16)+(0x6fcd17f/0x56114bc)+(0x7421fd/0x37e45a+2.7755575615629e-16)+(0x24d4eecd/0x1613c19+6.6613381477509e-16)+(0x1590688db/0xef01f8d+-1.3877787807814e-17)+(0x31df1eed/0x38037c2+1.1102230246252e-16)+(0x157f4475/0x1361d92)+(0x2d55216f/0x188e0e3+-4.4408920985006e-16)+(0x27d375f/0x25be78+7.7715611723761e-16)+(0xfa0be57/0x20110b0)+(0x3167bae1/0x1a86799+-6.6613381477509e-16)+(0xe8d9af6/0x1163ef3+9.9920072216264e-16)+(0x33154a21/0x1d96467+1.1102230246252e-16)+(0x1a6ac055/0x1267c0d+-2.2204460492503e-16)+(0x87e8fa6/0xffc3c3+8.8817841970013e-16)+(0xd17adfd/0x18504da)+(0x178b441/0x1093672+-6.6613381477509e-16)+(0x23de7ef3/0x1f3076b+-3.885780586188e-16)+(0x4b5f719/0x1888c60+-6.1062266354384e-16)+(0x53e346b7/0x2e0e9a3+1.6653345369377e-16)+(0x1de65674/0x1684261)+(0x6942ea7/0xbed5a3+9.9920072216264e-16)+(0x1983b3/0xeb81da+-6.8001160258291e-16)+(0x506682e/0x11d2923+-1.1102230246252e-16)+(0x1c385a29/0x159e7de+4.4408920985006e-16)+(0xc0bf85df/0xdf9d406+1.1102230246252e-16)+(0x147818ee/0x1372519+2.2204460492503e-16)+(0x391e6a/0x1f3cd1b+-4.1633363423443e-16)+(0x391c096/0x31cdf3+8.8817841970013e-16))
print("KEYCODE="..tostring(KEYCODE))
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KEYCODE=1234.0

Note

It may be tempting to use encryption, but you'll run into the same problem.

The Secure Way

The most secure way of doing this is with a cryptographic hash (like the ones listed here under Hash), which is a cryptologically secure (theoretically) one-way method of encrypting strings.

For example:

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-- Blake2B in 64 bytes, encoded to hex
KEYCODE_BLAKE2B_HEX = "da77bd2a1d857d88b31de27536b81df7f005027d4f847667df13a0569b6048e0454ce9480827789547cc174060c4f388866ebb0209929b0de414cc9ac571c421"
-- ...

-- Check hash of the entered string against our known hash
if blake2b.hash({string.byte(boundObject["Text"].text,1,-1)}, 64) == KEYCODE_BLAKE2B_HEX then
    -- Open door
end

More to come

Other rules of thumb coming soon!